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Ukrainian Quisine

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Ukrainian Quisine

 

 

      

 

 

Ukrainian cuisine

 

Ukrainian cuisine has a rich history and offers a wide variety of dishes. Many have been partly lent to other cuisines like German, Turkish and Polish. The cuisine of Ukraine has also influenced the cuisines of other neighbouring countries, e.g. Russian cuisine. Meat (especially pork), vegetables, fruit, mushrooms, berries, and herbs play a major part. Ukrainian food is intended to be filling, and should be served in large quantities.

 

Traditional dishes

 

Soup

 

Borschtvegetable soup (most common form made with beets), popular among eastern Slavic nations. There are more than thirty regional recipes for cooking Borshch, often with meat).

Hrybivkamushroom soup, served with vushka in Volyn region.

Kapusniak and solyankasauerkraut soups.

Rosolnyksoup with pickles, sometimes served with kidneys.

Yushkafish soup, made of fresh-water fish, usually carp.

Vushka or galushky"little ears" rolled triangular dumplings, sometimes stuffed with mushrooms in soup or on the side .

 

 

Salad

 

Olivye (from French "Olivier") called the "Russian salad" in the West.

Vinihret (from French "Vinaigrette") red beet root salad with peas, onions and beans.

Pickles Pickled cucumbers (kvasheni ohirky) or tomatoes (kvasheni pomidory) are usually made with garlic and dill. Also, sauerkraut (kvashena kapusta).

Kapustianyisauerkraut or fresh shredded cabbage, served with mayonnaise, oil, topped with klukva or grated walnuts.

Vesnianyidiced cucumbers and tomatoes, topped with dill or parsley, when in season.

Oseledetspickled herring, usually served with onions, black pepper and sunflower oil.

Pid-shuboyubeetroot salad with pickled herring, apple and onion, topped with mayonnaise.

Marinated mushroomsusually served as an appetizer, also garnished with oil and onions.

 

 

Breads

 

Breads and wheat products are very important to Ukrainian cuisine. Decorations on the top can be very elaborate for celebrations.

Paska traditional rich Easter bread. It is shaped in a short round form. The top of the paska is decorated with typical Easter symbols, such as roses or crosses.

Babka - another Easter bread, usually a sweet dough with raisins and other dried fruit. It is usually baked in a tall, cylindrical form.

Kolach - ring-shaped bread typically served at Christmas and funerals. The dough is braided, often with three strands representing the Holy Trinity. The braid is then shaped into a circle (circle = kolo in Ukrainian) representing the circle of life and family.

Korovai - a round, braided bread, similar to the kolach. It is most often baked for weddings and its top decorated with birds and periwinkle.

 

 

Main course

 

Pyrohy baked/fried dumplings. Usually more of a desert-type with fruit or poppy seed fillings and a sweeter dough than that of the Varenyky.

Varenyky (often called perogies in English) boiled dumplings, usually filled with potatoes, cabbage, cheese, or seasonal fruits, topped with butter and sugar or shkvarky (fried bits of salo and onions), accompanied with sour cream.

Cabbage rolls (holubtsi)cabbage (or vine) leaves stuffed with minced meat and rice or millet (pshono), or buckwheat-stuffed beet leaves.

Syrnykycottage cheese fritters, sometimes with raisins.

Mlyntsicrepes (blyntsi or nalisnyky), filled usually with cottage cheese, meat, caviar or fruits.

Stuffed duck or goosewith apples.

Gamehare, quail, wild boar and moose meat is also prepared when available.

Roast meat (pechenya)pork, veal, beef or lamb roast.

Fish (ryba)fried in egg and flour; cooked in oven with mushrooms, cheese and lemon; marinaded, dried or smoked variety.

Studynetsjellied fish (zalyvne) or meat (kholodets).

Stuffed zucchini or eggplantoven-roasted, stuffed with tomatoes, bell peppers, mushrooms, and/or rice.

Kasha hrechana zi shkvarkamybuckwheat cereal with chopped, fried bacon and/or onion.

Potato (kartoplia, also barabolia or bulba)young or peeled, served with butter, sour cream, dill; princely variety includes raw egg.

Huliashrefers to stew in general, or specifically Hungarian goulash.

Sausage (kovbasa or sosysky)various kinds of smoked pork, beef or chicken sausage.

Salosalted pork fat, similar to bacon but with significantly higher ratio of fat to meat, or occasionally raw pig fat (sometimes jokingly referred to as Ukraine's "official food". Other Slavs sometimes call Ukrainians by this name as they find the thought of eating it unpleasant).

Kotlety (cutlets)(plural; singular - kotleta) minced meat or fish fritters, sometimes rolled in breadcrumbs.

Shashlyka Georgian shish kebab: lamb and vegetables/mushrooms marinated in vinegar and grilled on skewers under white wine.

Deruny or pliatskypotato fritters, usually served with rich servings of sour cream; another variation of a dish deruny fried with some cottage cheese in the middle.

Kanapkyeither black or white bread (fresh or slightly grilled)-based canapés, topped with mayo or butter, caviar, smoked herring, cucumber/tomato slices garnished with dill or parsley.

 

 

Desserts

 

Kutiatraditional Christmas dish, made of poppy seeds, wheat, nuts, honey, and delicacies.

Pampushky fried, rich sweet dough similar to doughnut holes. Frequently tossed with cinnamon sugar. Pampushky (pl., singular is pampusho'k) can also be filled with poppy seed or other sweet fillings.

cake many varieties of cakes, from moist to puffy, most typical ones being Kyjivskyj, Prazhskyj, and Trufelnyj. They are frequently made without flour, instead using ground walnuts or almonds.

Zhele(plural and singular) jellied fruits, like cherries, pears, etc. or "Ptashyne moloko"milk/chocolate jelly.

 

Beverages

 

Alcoholic

Strong spirits (horilka, vodka in Russian)Samohon (moonshine) is also popular, including with infusions of fruit, spices or hot peppers.

Beer (pyvo)the largest producers of beer are Obolon, Chernihivske, Slavutich, Sarmat and Rogan, which partly export their products.

Wine (vyno)from Europe and Ukraine (particularly from Crimea).

Mead (mid, or medovuha)very ancient recipe of honey wine which is regaining popularity. It tastes similar to cider, and comes in various proofs, depending on vintage.

 

Non-alcoholic

Compote (kompot)sweet beverage made from dried or fresh fruits and/or berries.

Kvassweet-and-sour beverage made from bread through similar process to brewing beer.

Kefirfermented milk drink (varying degrees of sour; depends how long fermented). Contains millions of healthy microflora per cup.[citation needed] Supports health.

Mineral waterfamous brands are Truskavetska, Morshynska and Myrhorodska, they usually come strongly carbonated.

Ryazhanka - cooked milk.

 

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